SHAMANHOOD concept is not aimed to replace the terminologically overloaded term of SHAMAN-ISM, but rather is offered, to emphasize the anti-dogmatic nature of the phenomenon and its comprehensive personal and cultural connotations, manyfold symbolic and spiritual expressions in ecological milieu, besides nature in their social and cultural environment and, last but not least, as a personal and family matter among people within shamanic cultures. The study of shamanhood is the way to interpret the WAY OF KNOWING, and to better understand shamans, those who know and who share the knowledge of shamanic language, its vocabulary, folklore and music in their oral memory. A great number of the articles of this book have been written about symbolism and world view of Siberian shamanism by the generation of ethnographers who started their field work for Kunstkamera during the Soviet era. The section on shamanic epic shows how the presentation patterns of the secular songs greatly differ from that of the narrative and shamanic songs performed by the singer of sacred texts. The octosyllabic metric pattern in the sacred singing of the Nenets is typical of shamanic singing throughout Eurasia. Since this same octosyllabic pattern is known as the so-called Kalevala troachaeic meter expressed by the Finnish, Karelian and Estonien epic, which also have carried strong sacred meanings, we maybe are faced towards some interesting hypotheses which certainly will bring forward new indicators for the definitions of the age of the poems and their sacred functions. Matti Kuusi even suggested their Neolithic origin and writes that "some Pre-Finnic code for performing of mythical epics and ritual texts based possibly on unfixed or four-stressed lines characterized by alliteration and repetition", and that the octosyllabic singing was a natural part of Uralic languages ever since the Proto-Uralic period back to 6000 years. The religious context becomes manifest from the conservative aspect of shamanic tradition in their relation to sacred contexts. Contemporary research on Siberian shamanism shows that before a language dies, its last breathing takes place in the sacred codes of shamanic rituals.